Chamomile is an herbaceous plant that belongs to the family Asteraceae. This plant originates from Europe, Asia, and North Africa, but it can be found throughout the world today. Out of a large number of chamomile species, humans cultivate and use only two species: Roman and German chamomile. These two types of chamomile differ in size, type of flower and leaves, and in the type and amount of compounds that can be extracted from the plant. Ancient Egyptians discovered the healing potentials of chamomile. This plant has been used for medical purposes ever since. Other than that, chamomile is often used in the industry of perfumes and in aromatherapy due to its beautiful odor.
Chamomile a Power Plant
Chamomile grows in the form of a small shrub that usually reaches 8 to 12 inches in height. German chamomile grows to a height of 3 feet.
Chamomile has green, feathery leaves that are alternately arranged on the stem.
The flower consists of a large number of individual flowers called florets. The outer part of the flower consists of 18 white ray florets. The yellow disk, located in the center of the flower, consists of miniature florets that have a tubular shape.
Chamomile blooms from June to July. Flies are the main pollinator of chamomile flowers.
The name “chamomile” originates from the Greek words “chamos”, which means “ground” and “milos” which means “apple”. Chamomile is named that way because it grows close to the ground and smells like apple.
Chamomile was used for the process of mummification in ancient Egypt.
Chemical compounds and oils that are used in the medical and cosmetic industries are extracted from the flower.
Even though the beneficial effects of chamomile are not all scientifically proven, chamomile is used in the treatment of more than 100 different disorders.
Chamomile can be used in the form of tea, tincture, lotion, capsules, or various drops.
Chamomile possesses anti-inflammatory properties, can be used for disinfection and to relieve the pain. It is mainly used for the treatment of urinary and ocular infections, skin rash, toothache, respiratory pain, premenstrual pain, migraine, insomnia, anxiety…
Chamomile can induce side effects when it is consumed in combination with other medications. Also, chamomile may induce premature birth because it stimulates the contraction of the uterus.
People that are allergic to ragweed will probably exhibit an allergy to the chamomile. Allergy can be triggered after the application of a cream containing chamomile or after consumption of tea.
Homemade chamomile tea can be used for lighting of the blond hair.
Besides its decorative morphology, chamomile can be very useful in the garden. It facilitates the growth of the surrounding plants and even heals nearby sick plants.
The lifespan of chamomile depends on the species. Roman chamomile is an annual plant that lives only one year. German chamomile is a perennial plant that lives for more than two years.